Since the city of Machu Picchu was discovered in 1911, this architectural complex of the Inca period, located in Peru, is one of the most popular in the world. It attracts tourists from all regions for its green landscapes, typical of the climate and tropical humidity, but also for the incredible history behind its current ruins.
In Aerobús we tell you its history, the most practical tips you have to take into account to travel and some of the curiosities that will make you fall in love with the charm that comes from a place as magical as this one.
The history of Machu Picchu
In 1911 Professor Hiram Bingham rediscovered this city located 2,400 meters above sea level and National Geographic made it public in 1913. Previously Agustín Lizárraga had already been guided by other Cusco to the citadel. Archaeologists have estimated that this urban complex was built in the 15th century by the first Inca emperor Pachacuteq.
The city of Machu Picchu is located in a high area in the eastern part of the Vilcanota mountain range, 80 kilometers from the capital Cuzco. Its main characteristic is that it is surrounded by cliffs, which makes it a fairly safe area to prevent attacks from strangers. It is divided into three parts: the two populated areas, where you could distinguish the area from the temples and the resident area of the nobles and an agricultural sector, where you could find terraces and canals.
In 1924 Martin Chambi and Juan Manuel Figueroa photographed this city, which allowed half the world to know the wonder of this city and to become a Peruvian national symbol. In 2007, after becoming part of the World Heritage List, the citadel was considered one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World.
The biggest curiosities
- The city of Machu Picchu was hidden for 400 years thanks to its secluded location, between cliffs and at an altitude of almost 3000 meters above sea level. This allowed the Spaniards, after the invasion, not to plunder it.
- Its name is given by its location and means The Old Mountain.
- After the study of this city, it was revealed that a large part of its territory is underground thanks to its system of underground channels and drainage.
- When Professor Bingham, when he arrived at the citadel, discovered that there were four families living there.
- Initially, I thought it was the city of Vilcabamba, known as the Lost City of the Incas.
- Machu Picchu was connected to the entire Inca Empire through the Qhapaq Ñan routes.
- This construction was made based on a respect for the natural environment in which it is located, allowing it to barely alter its surroundings.
- All the people who visit these ruins assure that there is a great concentration of energy all over the surface. While some say it is due to the energy coming from all the people who have visited this place, experts say that it is due to a vortex of energy that is underground.
Tips to visit Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is one of the favorite destinations for those who choose South America as a holiday area. Every year it is visited by a million tourists, for this reason the number of visits has been controlled. If you have decided to visit this ancient citadel, we give you some advice to keep in mind so that everything is perfect.
The first thing you should know is that you can get there by train, bus or walking and that the best time to visit is in the wet season, from November to April, since prices are much lower. If you decide to take a trip during this time, remember that during the trip you may encounter rain.
To put in your excursion backpack, point the passport (since without it you will not be able to enter the city), some money, the camera (but not the tripod, which is forbidden), water, food, sunglasses and raincoat to protect you from the rain.
Among the objects that you can not bring, there are professional cameras, since you have to pay a license to take professional photos, trekking poles and tripod. If you are going to carry an umbrella, try not to be too big, like the backpack. If you are going to Machu Picchu walking, be sure to hydrate throughout the journey and also take the opportunity to try the coca leaf teas to relieve possible altitude sickness.
If you are going to take your flight to Peru from Barcelona, remember that Aerobus is a shuttle bus that transports you from the key points of the city to the El Prat airport. Buy your tickets online in Aerobús and do not miss the opportunity to visit the magical city of the ancient Incas.