You’ve heard a lot about her, but do you know her true story? In Aerobús we want you to discover everything we know about one of the most impressive works in the world. Whether you are a citizen of Barcelona or a visitor, there may be some things that you do not know about this exceptional temple, both as regards its origin and its foundation and for its purposes. If you want to visit it, and fly to the Barcelona airport, we recommend the most convenient and quick way to get around, you can even buy your Aerobus tickets online. What are you waiting for to know the new world?
The Sagrada Familia is to Barcelona what the Eiffel Tower to Paris, what the Empire State to New York. The result of a brilliant work by the architect Antoni Gaudí, it was a project promoted by and for the town, and it is already five generations that have seen the temple grow in Barcelona. Do you know that more than 135 years ago since the first stone of the Basilica was placed? The first stone was placed on March 19, 1882, Day of San José, and since then construction began, which began by the crypt located under the apse according to a Neo-Gothic design by the diocesan architect Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano, the first architect of the temple. A man who left the direction of the work shortly afterwards due to confrontations with the promoters, for which the order became part of Antoni Gaudí.
He took over the project in 1883 and, after receiving an important donation, proposed making a new and larger work, proposing a more monumental and innovative project, both in terms of forms and structures and in relation to construction. And parallel to these works, Gaudí built the provisional Schools of the Holy Family for the children of the workers and the children of the neighborhood. From 1914 Gaudí dedicated himself exclusively to building the Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia, which is why no important works are known in his last years of life.
On November 30, 1925, the construction of the first bell tower on the facade of the Nativity, dedicated to Saint Bernabé, one hundred meters high, was completed. This is the only one that Gaudí sees built, since on June 10, 1926 he died in a tram accident. On the 12th he was buried in the Carmen chapel of the crypt of the Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia, where his remains still rest today. Do you know why it’s called like that? Because it is financed by private donations and by the price of the tickets.
Upon the death of Gaudí, his close collaborator Domènec Sugrañes took over the direction of the works, until 1938. And in the period from 1936 to 1939, there was a fire in the crypt and in the Provisional Schools of the Sagrada Familia, and the workshop was destroyed . Due to these facts, the planes, the drawings and the original photographs were lost, but in spite of that the construction of the temple did not stop and the will of the architect’s original idea has always been respected.
After many years and having passed through different hands, in 2000 the vaults of the central nave and the transept were built, and at the same time the foundations of the facade of the Gloria were begun. The figure and the work of Gaudí are especially remembered in 2002, when the City Council of Barcelona promotes the International Gaudí Year on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the birth of the architect.
And if we get closer to the present, we will know that March 19, 2017 marked the 135th anniversary of the laying of the first stone of the temple. Currently, 70% of the construction of the work has been carried out. And during 2018, the work focused on the continuity of the construction of the towers of the Evangelists and of the Virgin Mary and at the beginning of that of Jesus Christ. The symbolic elements that were missing in the upper portico of the Passion facade were also executed and placed.
It is expected that the completion of the work will arrive in 2026, as planned. Date that will coincide with the 100 years since the death of Gaudí, its main architect. Although it is finished building it does not mean that it will be finished, it will still be necessary to specify all the decorative aspects.
When it is finished, the Holy Family will have 18 towers. The shortest 12 represent the apostles, the four highest to the evangelists, the other higher to the Virgin Mary and the higher, with a cross presiding over it, to Jesus Christ. Also, in case you had not noticed in the Passion Facade there is an interesting picture / sudoku. The curious thing about this sudoku is that the sum of its numbers (whether vertically, horizontally or diagonally) always gives 33, the age of Christ when he died.
It is expected that by 2022, the Holy Family will reach its highest point, 172, 5 meters. That would crown it as the tallest building in Barcelona. And why that height? Because Gaudí wanted it to be the tallest building in Barcelona. Because he did not want to sin pretentious, because he did not want the work of man to overcome that of God. Because he wanted to keep it below the height of Montjuïc.