Casa Batlló is one of the most important buildings of modernist architecture in Catalonia and around the world. It constitutes an authentic tourist attraction thanks to its sinuous forms and the bright colors that Gaudí managed to capture during its remodeling. If you want to visit this authentic jewel of modernism, at Aerobús we tell you all the details and curiosities you need to know. Remember that if you are passing through Barcelona, you can buy your Aerobus ticket online, the shuttle bus that takes you to the most important points of the city and to El Prat Airport.
Despite what many tourists believe, this building was not built by Antoni Gaudí from scratch. The famous multi-faceted artist was in charge of redesigning in 1855 and 1877 a building created by one of his professors of architecture: Emili Salas Cortés. In the year 1900 the property was acquired by businessman Josep Batlló and he was the one who gave way to restoration. After its remodeling, in 1907 it was presented to the annual Contest of artistic buildings, but the style of Gaudí did not finish convincing the jury, that granted the prize to Bonaventura Basseogoda i Amigó.
Like the rest of Gaudí’s works, this building is loaded with symbolism, magic and the creativity that characterized his creations. So much so, that the facade of the building itself is related to the dragon of the history of St. George, whose scales can be seen in the vault and on the roof. In addition, its balconies and windows include railings with shapes of eyes and mouths, although many claim that they are skulls or Venetian masks.
Gaudí not only transformed a building into a modernist symbol with impressionist touches, but added the most original and unusual architectural details of the moment. If you walk between your rooms you will appreciate the skill with which the Catalan genius plays with natural light and with visual effects. To reflect in each of the corners, added to the project two skylights, 32 windows and two central patios: a lighting effect that improves with the reflection in the tiles strategically. The tiles that are placed on top are darker and larger than those placed on the lower parts, a gradual effect for the equitable distribution of light.
As with the Park Güell, the Casa Batlló is full of recycled elements, especially glass and ceramic waste that provide the necessary touch of color. This technique has the name of ‘trencadís’ and consists of placing the ornamentation of the mosaic with tiles joined by an amalgam. The result is a chromatic effect full of fantasy with the mixture of colors with personality and that allows the decoration of curved areas where light strikes.
As for the interior of the building, its references to nature and animals draw attention. The undulations are present in all its walls and stairs, which reminds the sea. As for the references to animals, highlights the main staircase that reminds the backbone of a cetacean, a reference that is repeated at the entrance of the main lobby inspired the stomach of a whale.
Casa Batlló is located in an area known as “Manzana de la discordia”, an avenue of five modernist buildings in Paseo de la Gracia. Its architects and designers Domènech i Montaner of Casa Lleó Morera, Eric Sagnier of Casa Mulleras, Puig i Cadafalch creator of Casa Amatller and Coquillat of Casa Josefina Bonet had a strong rivalry between them, hence the name of the avenue. If you want to visit it, Aerobus has a stop at the key points of Barcelona, so you do not miss details of such fantastic buildings.